Tainan is one of the largest cities of Taiwan and was once the capital city of the island in the past. Initially established during the period of Dutch colonization, Tainan was first called Fort Zeelandia and functioned as the Dutch trading base with China and Japan. After Dutch colonists were defeated by Koxinga in 1661, Tainan remained as the capital of Tungning Kingdom till 1683 and the capital of Taiwan prefecture ruled by the Qing Dynasty until 1887, when Taipei established to be the new provincial capital. With rich historical background, Tainan remains to be the city with most cultural and historical attractions in Taiwan.
As the ancient capital of Taiwan, Tainan is rich in preserved historical sites, cultures, and traditional dishes. Most of Tainan’s historical sites are in Anping District, including Anping Fort (Old Fort Zeelandia), Anping Tree House, Anping Old Street (Yenping Street), Eternal Golden Castle (Yi Zai Golden Castle), and Old Tait & Co Merchant House (Old De-Ji Merchant House).